Lethal Force (used to be Military Authority)
The United States federal government should substantially curtail its lethal use of force in foreign countries.
American Support for International Organizations
The United States federal government should substantially increase its material support to one or more of the following: United Nations Environmental Programme, World Bank, World Health Organization.
-took out refugees because it would be a huge part of this year’s immigration topic.
Supreme Court and Foreign Policy
Resolved: The Supreme Court of the United States should overturn one or more of the following: Ex Parte Quirin, 317 U.S. 1 (1942), Zivotofsky v. Kerry, 576 U.S. ___ (2015), Zivotofsky v. Clinton, 566 U.S. 189 (2012), Medellín v. Texas, 552 U.S. 491 (2008), United States v. Alvarez-Machain, 504 U.S. 655 (1992) or Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain, 542 U.S. 692 (2004).
Resolved: The Supreme Court of the United States should overturn one or more of its decisions in one or more of the following areas: unlawful enemy combatants, enforcement of treaties, customary international law, extraterritorial application of United States law.
Are we concerned with the words DA? This will be up to the room tomorrow for a final direction.
Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase its support for international cooperation on sustainable development in the Arctic.
-Is the phrasing support for international coop on--the way to go?
-We want bilateral and multilateral cooperation to be topical
-The broader formulation of including outside of the arctic council might make for broader aff ground
International Policies on Human Trafficking
Resolved: The United states federal government should substantially increase its assistance to reduce anti-human-trafficking in Southeast Asia.
-need the double hyphen to prevent “trafficking of anti-humans”
-Need to have focus
-Southeast Asia key to limitation of the scope
-And southeast asia is good, it should be included somewhere to debate.
-Is there an issue in how you describe how the government acts without creating a resolution that is FX T or the Gov can actually do
Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase its diplomatic engagement, economic engagement and/or military engagement with the Russian Federation.
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Resolved: The United States federal government should establish a policy substantially changing its nuclear weapons strategy.
-Discussion of direction
-Author is OK with floating (change)
Resolved: The International Monetary Fund should lead the G-20 in a coordinated response to cryptocurrency regulations.
The original paper did not have an international focused action, this comes from a CP strategy in the paper. This helps with the fopo focus of the year.
Will be looking into a variety of regulations being proposed now
Resolved: The United States federal government should ratify or accede to, and implement, one or more of the following: Convention on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities, Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Trans-Pacific Partnership, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially reduce its authorization of direct commercial and/or foreign military arms sales.
Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially reduce direct commercial and/or foreign military arms sales from the United States.
Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase its development and/or military assistance to the Republic of India.
#1 resolution from paper, changing government of to republic of...
Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase its aid to improve water resources in one or more of the Least Developed Countries in Asia and/or Oceania.
-Looking at the phrase “aid to improve”
-Allows debate over both access and quality
-Limiting the scope to include area is key.
-LDC--it is an attempt to limit to countries listed by the UN (if there are multiple LDC lists, we would have to insert the “United Nations”
-Intentionally took out Africa and Caribbean (Haiti)--Oceana and Australia and the Pacific (odd because Australia is the area, but it wouldn’t be T because its not an LDC)
Middle East Policy
Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase its development assistance toward one or more of the following countries: Iran, Saudi Arabia and/or Syria.